mainīt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *mainas, from *moy-no-s, from Proto-Indo-European *moy-, *mey-, *mī- (to change) (whence also mīt (to change)). Cognates include Lithuanian maĩnas (chnage), Old Church Slavonic мѣнити (měniti), Russian менять (menjatʹ), из-мени́ть (iz-menítʹ), Czech měniti, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 (maidjan, to change; to cheat, to deceive), 𐌲𐌰𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌽𐍃 (gamains, common, collective) (< “which went through many changes, transactions”), German meiden (to avoid), gemein (ordinary, common), Sanskrit मयते (máyate), मिनाति (mināti, to change), Ancient Greek μοῖνος (moînos, gratitude, reward) (< Latin *moitos (change) ?), Latin mūnus (obligation; office; gift) (< *moenus, “change” ?).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Verb[edit]

mainīt tr., 3rd conj., pres. mainu, maini, maina, past mainīju

  1. to change, to exchange
    mainīt naudu — to change money (into smaller pieces; into foreign currency)
    mainīt latu sīknaudā — to change one lat in(to) small change
    mainīt pastmarkas — to change stamps
    izdevīgi, neizdevīgi mainīt — to exchange (something) advantageously, disadvantageously
  2. to change, to replace (something, with something else)
    mainīt dzīvesvietu — to change (one's) residence, address
    mainīt dzīvokli — to change apartments
    mainīt specialitāti — to change specialty
    mainīt uzvārdu, darbu — to change (one's) family name, (one's) work
    mainīt vārdu kārtību — to change the word order
    mainīt tērpus — to change clothes, costumes
  3. to change, to replace (with a new one)
    mainīt kompreses — to change compresses.
    mainīt motoriem eļļu — to change the engine oil
  4. to change (to make something become different)
    mainīt raksturu, balsi — to change (one's) character, voice
    mainīt dzīves veidu — to change (one's) way of life
    mainīt attieksmi pret draugu — to change (one's) attitude to a friend
    vējš maina virzienu — the wind is changing direction
    mainīt lēmumu, izturēšanos — to change (one's) decision, behavior
    viņš mainījis savu uzskatu — he changed his view
    hameleons maina krāsu — the chameleon changed (its) color
    krēsla maina priekšmetu apveidus — the twilight changes the shapes of objects
  5. to change (to move from one place to another)
    mainīt vietām mēbeles — to change the place of the furniture, to swap furniture
  6. to exchange (to say one's (opinion, thought) and to hear another person's)
    vēl kādus vārdus ar Annu mainījis, vecais atvadījās un aizgāja — having exchanged a few words with Anna, the old man said goodbye and left

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “mainīt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7