megalopsychos

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek μεγᾰλόψῡχος (megalópsūkhos, great-souled man”, “magnanimous one), from μεγᾰς (megas, great) + ψῡχή (psūkhḗ, mind”, “spirit”, “soul).

Noun[edit]

megalopsychos (plural megalopsychoi)

  1. (in Aristotelian philosophy) Aristotle’s “great-souled man”: an aristocratic paragon who embodies the virtues to an exceptional degree (a figure described chiefly in Aristotle’s Eudemian and Nicomachean Ethics).
    • 1973, Philippa Foot, “Nietzsche: The Revaluation of Values” in Nietzsche: A Collection of Critical Essays, edited by Robert C. Solomon, Garden City, New York: Anchor Books, ISBN 0385033443, page 164:
      Nietzsche could not, for instance, accuse Aristotle of preaching a morality of pity, nor of extolling humility. On the contrary Aristotle’s description of the megalopsychos who possesses the virtue of greatness of soul and “deserves and claims great things” (Nicomachean Ethics 1123 a 15) has much in common with Nietzsche’s picture of the “higher” type of man.

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