miers

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *mi-, from Proto-Indo-European *mēi-, *mi- (soft, tender, lovely), whence also Latvian mīlēt (to love) (q.v.). The meaning changed from “soft, nice” to “calm, peaceful.” A minority opinion considers miers to be a borrowing from Slavic, but several factors (among which the intonation of this word) speak against it. Cognates include Lithuanian archaic mieras, Sudovian mera ([mēra]? [miera]?) (< *meir-), Old Church Slavonic миръ (mirŭ), Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian мир (mir, peace; world), Czech mír, Polish mir.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

miers m (1st declension)

  1. peace, tranquility, calm, quiet, rest
    slimniekam nepieciešams miers — the patient needs peace, quiet
    traucēt mājas mieru — disturb domestic tranquility
    būt mierā — to be in, at peace (= satisfied; calm)
    miera stāvoklis — state of rest (not in motion)
  2. peace (the opposite of war)
    miera līgumspeace treaty
    miera sarunaspeace negotiations
    dzīvot mierā un draudzībā — to live in peace and friendship
    izšķirt konfliktu miera ceļā — to solve a conflict the peace way (= peacefully)
    saglabāt mieru virs zemes — to preserve peace on earth

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “miers” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.