national

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French national; see nation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

national (comparative more national, superlative most national)

  1. Of or having to do with a nation.
  2. (by extension) Of or having to do with a country (sovereign state).
    Import tariffs were raised for the national interest.

Usage notes[edit]

See nation for notes regarding the usage of national to refer to the UK and its member states.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

national (plural nationals)

  1. A subject of a nation.
    The diplomats were advised not to interact with any foreign nationals except on official duty.
  2. (usually in the plural) A tournament in which participants from all over the nation compete.
    After winning the regional tournament, the team advanced to the nationals.

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

national m (feminine nationale, masculine plural nationaux, feminine plural nationales)

  1. national

Derived terms[edit]

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from Nation (nation) under the influence of French national.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌnatsi̯oˈnaːl/, [ˌna.tsjoˈnaːl], /ˈnatsi̯oˌnaːl/, [ˈna.tsjoˌnaːl]

Adjective[edit]

national (comparative nationaler, superlative am nationalsten)

  1. national (being part of the national identity)
    eine nationale Tradition — a national tradition
    die nationale Sprache (≈ die Nationalsprache) — the national language
    nationale Eigenarten — national characteristics
  2. national (of importance for, or to the benefit of the nation as a whole)
    nationale Belange — national interests
    eine nationale Katastrophe — a national catastrophe
    der nationale Dialog — the national dialogue
  3. nationwide, national (covering a country, as opposed to regional and international levels; see usage note below)
    nationale Parlamente (≈ Nationalparlamente) — national parliaments
    auf nationaler Ebene — on the national level
    die nationale Gesetzgebung — national legislation
  4. (moderately) nationalist
    das nationale Lager — the nationalist camp
    Sozialismus nationaler Prägung — socialism with a nationalist imprint

Usage notes[edit]

  • The comparation forms are infrequent.
  • German national in the sense of “nationwide” occurs chiefly in a political context, as in the examples above. Its use in other contexts is most often modelled on English usage: ein nationaler Gesangswettbewerb — a national singing competition. The more idiomatic German word is landesweit: ein landesweiter Gesangswettbewerb.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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