neanderthal

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See also: Neanderthal

English[edit]

model in the Neanderthal museum, Düsseldorf, Germany
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Etymology[edit]

From the name of the German valley where Neanderthal 1 was discovered in 1856. The Düsseltal (from German Düssel, a small tributary of the River Rhine + tal (valley)) itself was renamed (from Das Gesteins (The Rockiness) and/or Das Hundsklipp (The Cliff of Dogs)) in the early 19th century to Neandershöhle (Neander’s Hollow), and again in 1850 to Neanderthal (Neander Valley); both names were in honour of the German Calvinist theologian and hymn writer Joachim Neander (1650–1680). The surname Neander is a Romanisation of the Greek translation of the original German surname Neumann (New man), for which reason Homo neanderthalensis is sometimes called New man in English.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) enPR: nē.ănʹdə.täl', IPA(key): /niːˈæn.dəˌtɑːl/,[1], IPA(key): /niːˈæn.dəˌθɑːl/
  • (US) enPR: nē.ănʹdər.thäl', IPA(key): /niːˈæn.dɚˌθɑːl/; enPR: nē.ănʹdər.täl', IPA(key): /niːˈæn.dɚˌtɑːl/,[1]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

neanderthal (not comparable)

  1. Primitive, old-fashioned, opposed to change (in allusion to the now extinct species Homo neanderthalensis).

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Noun[edit]

neanderthal (plural neanderthals)

  1. (pejorative) A primitive person or a person with old-fashioned ideas or who opposes change.
  2. (usually Neanderthal) A specimen of the now extinct species Homo neanderthalensis.

Alternative forms[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 neanderthal” listed in the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (© Cambridge University Press 2009)