nettle

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English[edit]

Urtica dioica
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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English netle, netele, netel, from Proto-Germanic *natilǭ (cognate with Old Saxon netila, Middle Dutch netele (modern Dutch netel), German Nessel, Middle Danish nædlæ (nettle)), a diminutive of *natǭ (of unknown origin, perhaps from the same source as net).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nettle (plural nettles)

  1. Any plant, the foliage of which is covered with stinging, mildly poisonous hairs, causing an instant rash.
    1. Especially, most species of herb genus Urtica, the stinging nettles:
      1. Most, but not all, subspecies of Urtica dioica,
      2. Urtica incisa;
    2. Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis);
    3. Bull nettles and spurge nettles of genus Cnidoscolus:
      1. Cnidoscolus stimulosus, bull nettle, spurge nettle,
      2. Cnidoscolus texanus, Texas bull nettle,
      3. Cnidoscolus urens, bull nettle,
      4. Nettle trees or tree nettles:
        1. Various species of the genus Dendrocnide,
        2. Urera baccifera,
        3. Urtica ferox;
    4. rock nettle (Eucnide);
    5. small-leaved nettle (Dendrocnide photinophylla).
  2. Certain plants that have spines or prickles:
    1. ball nettle (Solanum carolinense);
    2. Solanum elaeagnifolium, bull nettle, silver-leaf nettle, white horse-nettle;
    3. Solanum dimidiatum, western horse-nettle, robust horse-nettle;
    4. Solanum rostratum, horse-nettle;
    5. Celtis.
  3. Certain non-stinging plants, mostly in the same family (Lamiaceae as the stinging nettles, that resemble the species of Urtica:
    1. dead nettle, dumb nettle (Lamium), particularly Lamium album, white nettle;
    2. false nettle (Boehmeria);
    3. flame nettle or painted nettle (Coleus);
    4. hedge nettle (Stachys);
    5. hemp nettle (Galeopsis);
    6. horse nettles:
      1. Agastache urticifolia,
      2. Solanum carolinense, ball-nettle, Carolina horse-nettle,
      3. Solanum elaeagnifolium, bull nettle, silver-leaf nettle, white horse-nettle;
    7. nilgiri nettle, Himalayan giant nettle (Girardinia diversifolia).
  4. Loosely, anything which causes a similarly stinging rash, such as a jellyfish or sea nettle.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

nettle (third-person singular simple present nettles, present participle nettling, simple past and past participle nettled) (transitive)

  1. (literally) Of the nettle plant and similar physical causes, to sting causing a rash in someone.
    The children were badly nettled after playing in the field.
  2. (figuratively) To pique, irritate, vex or provoke someone.

Translations[edit]

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Anagrams[edit]