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ob-scūrus, from ob- + *scūrus (covered), from Proto-Indo-European *skuH-r-, zero-grade with s-mobile form of *(s)kewH- (to cover). Cognates include Sanskrit स्कुनाति (skunāti, to cover), Ancient Greek σκύλος (skúlos, hide) and σκῦτος (skûtos, hide, leather) (whence Latin scūtum) and Old English scēo (sky) and scuwa (shade, darkness, protection). Related to culus (bottom) and cutis (hide).



obscūrus m (feminine obscūra, neuter obscūrum); first/second declension

  1. dark, dusky, shadowy
  2. indistinct, unintelligible, obscure
  3. intricate, involved, complicated
  4. unknown, unrecognized
  5. (of character) reserved, secret, close


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative obscūrus obscūra obscūrum obscūrī obscūrae obscūra
genitive obscūrī obscūrae obscūrī obscūrōrum obscūrārum obscūrōrum
dative obscūrō obscūrae obscūrō obscūrīs obscūrīs obscūrīs
accusative obscūrum obscūram obscūrum obscūrōs obscūrās obscūra
ablative obscūrō obscūrā obscūrō obscūrīs obscūrīs obscūrīs
vocative obscūre obscūra obscūrum obscūrī obscūrae obscūra

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