or-

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English or-, from Old English or- (or-), from Proto-Germanic *uz- (out), from Proto-Indo-European *uds- (up, out). Cognate with West Frisian oar-, Dutch oor-, German ur-, Gothic [script?] (us-). Identical with Old English ā- (a-). More at a-.

Prefix[edit]

or-

  1. (no longer productive) A prefix of Old English origin meaning: "from the outset", "original", "out", "out of", or "without".
    ordalian, ordeal, orlay, ort

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • or- in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch ur-, or-, from Proto-Germanic *uz-.

Prefix[edit]

or-

  1. A prefix with a variety of meanings, but originally meaning "out" or "original".

Derived terms[edit]

Category Middle Dutch words prefixed with or- not found

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *uz- (out), from unstressed Proto-Indo-European *uss-, from *uds- (up, out). Cognate with Old High German ur-, ir-, ar-, er-. More at out.

Prefix[edit]

or-

  1. original; denotes origin
    oreald
  2. former
  3. ex, out of
    ordāl "ordeal, a dealing out (of judgement)"
  4. Without, lacking
    orblēde "without blood, bloodless"
  5. causing deprivation, privative
    orsorg "without care, confident, worriless", orwēne "without hope, hopeless"