ost

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Ost, øst, öst, OST, and -ost

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost (plural osts)

  1. Alternative form of oast

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German ōst (east).

Adverb[edit]

ost

  1. east

Noun[edit]

ost

  1. east
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse ostr.

Noun[edit]

ost c (singular definite osten, plural indefinite oste)

  1. cheese
Inflection[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost (??? please provide the genitive and partitive!)

  1. purchase

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost

  1. accusative singular of ostur

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost m (plural osts)

  1. host, army

Latvian[edit]

Ost vīnu

Etymology[edit]

From *uosti, from Proto-Baltic *uod-ti, from *ōd-, from Proto-Indo-European *od-, *ōd-, *h₃ed- (to smell). Cognates include Lithuanian úosti, Old Czech jadati (to explore, to investigate), Polish badać, Ancient Greek ὄζω (ózō, to smell), Latin odōr (smell), Albanian amë (unpleasant smell).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Verb[edit]

ost tr. or intr., 1st conj., pres. ožu, od, , past odu

  1. to smell (to perceive an odor)
    ost cepeti — to smell roast(ed meat)
    ost vīnu — to smell the wine
    ost spirta smaku — to smell the odor of alcohol
    strādājot virtuvē, visu laiku redzot, ožot ēdienu, it kā ēstgribas vairs nav — working in a kitchen, seeing and smelling food all the time, it is as if one no longer had (= could feel) the desire to eat
  2. to smell, to sniff (to inhale air through the nose, usually several times, in order to try to perceive a smell)
    ost ēteri — to smell ether
    ožamais spirtssmelling salts, hartshorn (lit. smellable alcohol)
    divi cilvēki, piebāzuši pirkstu galus pie deguna, steidzīgi oda kaut ko baltu kā lauku vecenes šņaucamo tabaku — two people, bringing the tips of their fingers to their noses, quickly smelled something white, like old women snuffing tobacco in the countryside
  3. (figuratively, colloquial) to smell (to sense, to find out)
    saimnieks jau dabūjis ost, ka tu citu vietu meklējoties — the landowner has already managed to smell that you are looking for another place
  4. to smell, to stink (to have, to spread a bad, unpleasant smell)
    te pēc benzīna — it smells like gasoline here
    ost pēc ķiplokiem, siļķēm, alus — to smell like garlic, herring, beer
  5. to smell (to have, to spread a pleasant odor)
    ost pēc odekolona — to smell like eau-de-cologne
    puķe jauki — the flower smells nice
    nokāpj gravā; pēc valgmes un pērnajām lapām — he goes down the ravine; (there) it smells like dampness and last year's leaves
  6. (figuratively, colloquial) to smell (to suggest, make think of something, usually unpleasant)
    tas jau oda pēc fašisma — that smelled like fascism

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “ost” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ostr.

Noun[edit]

ost m (definite singular osten, indefinite plural oster, definite plural ostene)

  1. cheese

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn


Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ostr.

Noun[edit]

ost m (definite singular osten, indefinite plural ostar, definite plural ostane)

  1. cheese

Derived terms[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ōstaz. Cognate with Middle Low German ōst, Dutch oest (knot, tree-stump), Old High German ast (German Ast (branch)), Gothic 𐌰𐍃𐍄𐍃 (asts).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ōst m

  1. knot in a tree

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Germanic language.

Noun[edit]

ost m (plural osts)

  1. east

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from oster.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

óst f (genitive ostí, nominative plural ostí)

  1. sharp tip

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse ostr.

Noun[edit]

ost c

  1. cheese
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ost (not comparable)

  1. east
    Kotka ligger ost om Helsingfors.
    Kotka lies east of Helsinki.

Noun[edit]

ost c (uncountable)

  1. east
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Tocharian B[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Tocharian A waṣt.

Noun[edit]

ost

  1. house