pāksts

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Latvian[edit]

Zirņu pāksts

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *pāš-, from the same stem as paksis (corner junction): Proto-Indo-European *paḱ- (to link, to strengthen; joining, connection). In Latvian, an original *pās- lead to *pāstis (with an extra suffix -t), from which pākstis with an epenthetic k. Semantic evolution: “joint, connection” > “elongated seed cover with two connecting edges” > “dry fruit that opens along lengthwise cracks.” An etymological connection with Russian пасть (pastʹ, (animal) throat) has been suggested.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

pāksts f (6th declension)

  1. (botany) pod (a seed case for peas, beans, peppers, etc.)
    sojas, zirņu, piparu pākstis — soybean, pea, pepper pod
    izlobīt pupas no pākstīm — to shuck, shell beans from the pods
    vārīt pupas ar visām pākstīm — to boil beans with (their) whole pods

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “pāksts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7