pār

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Formed from the preposition par with transference of intonation and consequent vowel lengthening (par̄ > pār > pāːr). The semantic differentiation between par and pār is a relatively new phenomenon, even though it was apparently already complete in 17th- and 18th-century grammars.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pār (with accusative)

  1. (spatially) across, over
    pār upiacross the river
    pāriet pār tiltu — to go over, to cross the bridge
    pārlēkt pār grāvi — to leap over a ditch
  2. (figuratively) over
    valdīt pār kādu — to have power over someone

References[edit]

  1. ^ “pār” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7