p’ǫ́yna

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Taos[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pǫ́yna I.2 (duoplural p’ǫ́ynemą, stem p’ǫ́y-)

  1. younger brother, younger brother-in-law, half-brother, stepbrother
  2. friendly greeting to younger male

Usage notes[edit]

When referring to a non-relative younger male, only the possessed form is used as a vocative (direct address). The expected (non-possessed) stem-vocative *p’ǫ́y is never used as a vocative referring to a relative (younger brother, brother-in-law, etc.). The form ȕsú is used instead as the corresponding vocative of relative p’ǫ́yna.