From pan- + Ancient Greek θεός (theos, “god”) + -ism. The term "pantheist" - of which "pantheism" is a variation - was purportedly first used by Irish writer John Toland in his 1705 work, Socinianism Truly Stated, by a pantheist. A critic of Toland, J. Fay, was the first to use the term "pantheism" in 1709, in Defensio Religionis.
- sometimes hyphenated or expressed as a phrase: pan-theism, pan theism
- sometimes either the P or (rarely) both the P and T are capitalized: Pantheism, PanTheism
- variations of capitalization and spacing may be combined: Pan-theism, Pan-Theism, Pan Theism, Pan theism
pantheism (plural pantheisms)
- The belief that the universe is in some sense divine and should be revered. Pantheism identifies the universe with God but denies any personality or transcendence of such a God.
- (rare) The belief in all gods; omnitheism.