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  • (US) IPA(key): /pɑr.sɪˈmo͡ʊn.i.əs/


From Middle English parcimony, from Latin parsimonia from parsus, past participle of parcere (to spare).


parsimonious (comparative more parsimonious, superlative most parsimonious)

  1. Exhibiting parsimony; sparing in expenditure of money; frugal to excess; penurious; niggardly; stingy.
  2. Using a minimal number of assumptions, steps, or conjectures.
    • 1898, William Graham Sumner, “The Conquest of the United States by Spain”, in War and Other Essays, Yale, published 1911, page 333:
      Our fathers would have an economical government, even if grand people called it a parsimonious one, and taxes should be no greater than were absolutely necessary to pay for such a government.
    • Kiplinger's Personal Finance, January 2002
      The first three college-savings plans stand out for their parsimonious expenses...
      Statistical methods offer the ability to enforce parsimonious selection of the most influential potential predictors of each gene's state.