part

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See also: párt and pârț

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English part, from Old English part (part) and Old French part (part); both from Latin partem, accusative of pars (piece, portion, share, side, party, faction, role, character, lot, fate, task, lesson, part, member), from Proto-Indo-European *par-, *per- (to cut, bore). Akin to portio (a portion, part), parare (to make ready, prepare). Displaced Middle English del, dele (part) (from Old English dǣl (part, distribution)), Middle English dale (part, portion) (from Old English dāl (portion)), Middle English sliver (part, portion) (from Middle English sliven (to cut, cleave), from Old English (tō)slīfan (to split)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

part (plural parts)

  1. A portion; a component.
    1. A fraction of a whole. syn. transl.
      Gaul is divided into three parts.
      • 1992, Rudolf M. Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, page vii
        Hepaticology, outside the temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, still lies deep in the shadow cast by that ultimate "closet taxonomist," Franz Stephani—a ghost whose shadow falls over us all.
      • 2013 June 1, “Towards the end of poverty”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 11: 
        America’s poverty line is $63 a day for a family of four. In the richer parts of the emerging world $4 a day is the poverty barrier. But poverty’s scourge is fiercest below $1.25 ([…]): people below that level live lives that are poor, nasty, brutish and short.
    2. A distinct element.
      The parts of a chainsaw include the chain, engine, and handle.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, The Celebrity:
        It had been arranged as part of the day's programme that Mr. Cooke was to drive those who wished to go over the Rise in his new brake.
      • 2012 December 1, “An internet of airborne things”, The Economist, volume 405, number 8813, page 3 (Technology Quarterly): 
        A farmer could place an order for a new tractor part by text message and pay for it by mobile money-transfer. A supplier many miles away would then take the part to the local matternet station for airborne dispatch via drone.
    3. A group inside a larger group. syn. transl.
    4. Share, especially of a profit.
      I want my part of the bounty.
    5. A unit of relative proportion in a mixture.
      The mixture comprises one part sodium hydroxide and ten parts water.
    6. 3.5 centiliters of one ingredient in a mixed drink.
    7. A section of a document.
      Please turn to Part I, Chapter 2.
    8. A section of land; an area of a country or other territory; region.
      • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.vi:
        the Faery knight / Besought that Damzell suffer him depart, / And yield him readie passage to that other part.
    9. (mathematics, dated) A factor.
      3 is a part of 12.
  2. Duty; responsibility.
    to do one’s part
    1. Position or role (especially in a play).
      We all have a part to play.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, The Celebrity:
        We drove back to the office with some concern on my part at the prospect of so large a case. Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.
      • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, The Mirror and the Lamp:
        He was thinking; but the glory of the song, the swell from the great organ, the clustered lights, […], the height and vastness of this noble fane, its antiquity and its strength—all these things seemed to have their part as causes of the thrilling emotion that accompanied his thoughts.
    2. (music) The melody played or sung by a particular instrument, voice, or group of instruments or voices, within a polyphonic piece.
      The first violin part in this concerto is very challenging.
    3. Each of two contrasting sides of an argument, debate etc.; "hand".
      • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.15:
        the fruition of life cannot perfectly be pleasing unto us, if we stand in any feare to lose it. A man might nevertheless say on the contrary part, that we embrace and claspe this good so much the harder, and with more affection, as we perceive it to be less sure, and feare it should be taken from us.
      • Bible, Mark ix. 40
        He that is not against us is on our part.
      • Edmund Waller (1606-1687)
        Make whole kingdoms take her brother's part.
  3. (US) The dividing line formed by combing the hair in different directions. syn. transl.
    The part of his hair was slightly to the left.
  4. (Judaism) In the Hebrew lunisolar calendar, a unit of time equivalent to 3⅓ seconds. syn.
  5. A constituent of character or capacity; quality; faculty; talent; usually in the plural with a collective sense.
    • Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
      men of considerable parts
    • Thomas Macaulay (1800-1859)
      great quickness of parts
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
      [] which maintained so politic a state of evil, that they will not admit any good part to intermingle with them.

Synonyms[edit]

Holonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

part (third-person singular simple present parts, present participle parting, simple past and past participle parted)

  1. (intransitive) To leave.
    • Shakespeare
      He wrung Bassanio's hand, and so they parted.
    • A. Trollope
      It was strange to him that a father should feel no tenderness at parting with an only son.
    • George Eliot
      his precious bag, which he would by no means part from
  2. To cut hair with a parting; shed.
  3. (transitive) To divide in two.
    to part the curtains
    • 1884, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VII
      I run the canoe into a deep dent in the bank that I knowed about; I had to part the willow branches to get in; and when I made fast nobody could a seen the canoe from the outside.
  4. (intransitive) To be divided in two or separated; shed.
    A rope parts.
    His hair parts in the middle.
  5. (transitive, now rare) To divide up; to share.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Luke III:
      He that hath ij. cootes, lett hym parte with hym that hath none: And he that hath meate, let him do lyke wyse.
    • Bible, John xix. 24
      They parted my raiment among them.
    • Alexander Pope
      to part his throne, and share his heaven with thee
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.x:
      He left three sonnes, his famous progeny, / Borne of faire Inogene of Italy; / Mongst whom he parted his imperiall state []
  6. (obsolete) To have a part or share; to partake.
    • Bible, 1 Sam. xxx. 24
      They shall part alike.
  7. To separate or disunite; to remove from contact or contiguity; to sunder.
    • Bible, Luke xxiv. 51
      While he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven.
    • Shakespeare
      The narrow seas that part / The French and English.
  8. (obsolete) To hold apart; to stand or intervene between.
    • Shakespeare
      The stumbling night did part our weary powers.
  9. To separate by a process of extraction, elimination, or secretion.
    to part gold from silver
    • Prior
      The liver minds his own affair, [] / And parts and strains the vital juices.
  10. To leave; to quit.
    • Shakespeare
      since presently your souls must part your bodies
  11. (transitive, Internet) To leave (an IRC channel).
    • 2000, "Phantom", Re: Uhm.. hi... I guess... (on newsgroup alt.support.boy-lovers)
      He parted the channel saying "SHUTUP!"... so I queried him, asking if there was something I could do.. maybe talk... so we did... since then, I've been seeing him on IRC every day (really can't imagine him not being on IRC anymore actually).

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adjective[edit]

part (not comparable)

  1. Fractional; partial.
    Fred was part owner of the car.

Translations[edit]

  • (fractional, partial): See partial.

Adverb[edit]

part (comparative more part, superlative most part)

  1. Partly; partially; fractionally.
    Part finished

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Statistics[edit]

External links[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Standard) IPA(key): /ˈpaɾt/
  • (Alghero) IPA(key): /ˈpaɫt/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin partus.

Noun[edit]

part m (plural parts)

  1. birth
  2. (figuratively) birth of an idea

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin partem, accusative of pars.

Noun[edit]

part f (plural parts)

  1. part

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin Parthus (Parthia).

Adjective[edit]

part m (feminine parta, masculine plural parts, feminine plural partes)

  1. relating to Parthia; Parthian

Noun[edit]

part m (plural parts, feminine parta)

  1. Parthian

Dutch[edit]

Noun[edit]

part n (plural parten, diminutive partje n)

  1. part

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

part (genitive pardi, partitive parti)

  1. duck

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Faroese[edit]

Noun[edit]

part m

  1. part, accusative singular of partur
    fyri ein part - partial

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin pars, partem.

Noun[edit]

part f (plural parts)

  1. share
    une grande part - a large share
  2. portion, part
    une grande part de tarte - a large portion of cake
    pour ma part - for my part, as far as I'm concerned, as for me
    pour la part de mon ami - as far as my friend's concerned, as for my friend
  3. proportion
    une grande part de qch - A high or large proportion of something.
    il y a une grande part de fiction dans son récit - his/her account is highly fictional.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Conjugated form of -ir verb partir

Verb[edit]

part

  1. third-person singular present indicative of partir

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin partus.

Noun[edit]

part m (plural parts)

  1. newborn

External links[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin pars, partem.

Noun[edit]

part f (plural parts)

  1. part

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin partus.

Noun[edit]

part m (plural parts)

  1. delivery, birth, childbirth

See also[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɒrt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: part

Noun[edit]

part (plural partok)

  1. shore, bank, beach

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pars, partem.

Noun[edit]

part f (plural part)

  1. part

See also[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately borrowed from Latin pars.

Noun[edit]

part c

  1. part, piece
  2. party (law: person), stakeholder
    att vara part i målet
    to have a stake in the claim, to partial, to be biased
    arbetsmarknadens parter
    the stakeholders of the labour market, i.e. trade unions and employers' organizations

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]