piemirst

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pie- +‎ mirst (to forget), where mirst is now attested only dialectally; see also the similarly derived aizmirst (to forget).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

piemirst

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of piemirst
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of piemirst
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of piemirst
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of piemirst

piemirst tr., 1st conj., pres. piemirstu, piemirsti, piemirst, past piemirsu

  1. to forget temporarily; to be unable to remember (at an specific moment)
    piemirst formula — to forget a formula (e.g., during an exam)
    viņa piemirsusi dzejnieces uzvārdu — she can't recall the poetess' name
    kādu laiku turēju šo sarunu atmiņā; pēc tam piemirsu un no jauna atcerējos pēc pieciem gadiem, rakstot romānu — for some time I kept this conversation in my memory; then I forgot it (for a while), and again remembered it five years later, while writing a novel
  2. to keep a vague memory
    viņu nebiju aizmirsusi, bet...piemirsusi gan; kaut tolaik... viņa bija viena no tām sievietēm, kurām toreiz gribēju līdzināties — I hadn't forgotten her, just... almost forgotten; though at that time... she was one of those women I wanted to be like
  3. to forget about (doing) something (e.g., because of some distracting event); to not do something inadvertently, unwittingly, unintentionally; to leave (something, somewhere) inadvertently (and forget about it)
    piemirsu sieviešiem izstāstīt darbu — I forgot to tell the women (about) the work
    tikai tagad Māra iedomājās, ka piemirsusi nolikt atslēgu parastajā vietā: zem kājslauķa — only then did Māra realize that she had forgotten to put the key in the usual place: under the doormat
    viņa bija rosīgi strādājusi, pat pusdienas piemirsusi paēst — she had worked intensely, (she had) even forgotten to eat lunch
    piemirst dokumentus viesnīcā — to leave (inadvertently) the documents in the hotel
    pulkstenis piemirsts dzīvoklī — the clock (lay) forgotten in the apartment
  4. to not realize, to not pay attention, to neglect (for some time)
    “nekas, tūlīt būšu mājās”, Zigis mēģināja piemirst slāpes“it's OK, I will soon be home,” Zigis (said) trying to forget the thirst
    viņš bija piemirsis to, ka laime ir tikai tad, ja dzīvo kopa ar tautu — he had forgotten that (there) is happiness only when one lives together with (one's) people
    daži cilvēki neapzinā vai arī piemirsuši darba vērtību — some people don't realize or have forgotten the value of work
    mēs visi protam priecāties par šķietami nelielu uzmanības izpausmi un skumt, ja esam piemirsti — we are all able to enjoy seemingly small expressions of attention and feel sad if we are forgotten, neglected

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “aizmirst” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7