pilum

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin pilum

Noun[edit]

pilum (plural pila or pilums)

  1. A Roman military javelin.
    • 1776 Besides a lighter spear, the Roman legionary grasped in his right hand the formidable pilum, a ponderous javelin whose utmost length was about six feet and which was terminated by a massy triangular point of steel of about eighteen inches. This instrument was indeed much inferior to our modern fire-arms; since it was exhausted by a single discharge at the distance of only ten or twelve paces. Yet when it was launched by a skilled and firm hand, there was not any cavalry that durst venture within its reach, or any shield or corslet that could withstand the impetuosity of its weight. : The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire : Edward Gibbon. This edition Penguin 2000. p. 21

Translations[edit]

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

pīlum (throwing spear)

Etymology[edit]

Unknown etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pīlum n (genitive pīlī); second declension

  1. a javelin, throwing spear

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative pīlum pīla
genitive pīlī pīlōrum
dative pīlō pīlīs
accusative pīlum pīla
ablative pīlō pīlīs
vocative pīlum pīla

Descendants[edit]