pipars

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Latvian[edit]

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 Pipari on Latvian Wikipedia

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Pipars (1) (Piperaceae)
Pipars (1) (Solanacea)

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Old Norse pipari, or maybe from Old Swedish pipar (whence also Finnish pippuri, dialectal pipari, Estonian pipar), itself a borrowing from Latin piper, also a borrowing from Ancient Greek πέπερι (péperi), ultimately from Sanskrit पिप्पलि (pippali, long pepper) (via Iranian), apparently also borrowed from some non-Indo-European language. In Latvian, pipari is an old borrowing, already found in 15th- and 16h-century family and house names. In 17th- and 18th-century dictionaries, German-influenced variants (pipere, piperis; cf. Low German peper) were found; the form pipari appeared in the 18th century, and became dominant in the 19th century.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

pipars m (1st declension)

  1. pepper (plants of the families Piperaceae (genus Piper and others) and Solanaceae (genus Capsicum), with spicy fruits used as condiments)
    melnais pipars ir daudzgadīgs kāpelētājaugs ar tievu, lokanu stumbru, kura garums var sasniegt pat 10-12 metrus — the black pepper is a perennial creeper (plant) with a thin, flexible stem, the length of which can reach even 10-12 meters
  2. (only plural, the fruits of these plants, used as condiments)
    smalkie pipari — fine peppers
    berzt piparus — to scour, to grate peppers
    piparu degvīnspepper vodka
    pielikt zupai peperus — to add pepper to the soup
    notīrītas, apmazgātas, nosusinātas butes ierīvē ar sāli, pipariem, novieto pannā uz restēm — cleaned, washed, dried plaice (fish) is rubbed with salt (and) pepper (and) then put in a pan on the grill

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “pipari” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7