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See also: prætor


Alternative forms[edit]


From the Anglo-Norman pretour, pretore, the Middle French preteur (from the Old French pretor; compare the Modern French préteur), and their etymon, the Classical Latin praetor (leader”, “commander”, “magistrate); the Latin praetor being contracted from *praeitor (one who goes before), from praeeō (I go before), from prae (before) + (I go); compare the Italian pretore, the Portuguese pretor, and the Spanish pretor.



praetor (plural praetors or praetores)

  1. (Roman history) The title designating a Roman administrative official whose role changed over time:
    1. (originally) A consul in command of the army.
    2. (after 366 BC) An annually-elected curule magistrate, subordinate to the consuls in provincial administration, and who performed some of their duties; numbering initially only one, later two (either of the praetor urbānus (urban praetor) or the praetor peregrīnus (peregrine praetor)), and eventually eighteen.
  2. (by extension) A high civic or administrative official, especially a chief magistrate or mayor. Sometimes used as a title.
  3. (in Italian seventeenth- and eighteenth-century history, translating the Italian "pretore") The title of the chief magistrate, the mayor, and/or the podestà in Palermo, in Verona, and in various other parts of Italy.

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praetōr m (genitive praetōris); third declension

  1. leader, head, chief, president


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative praetōr praetōrēs
genitive praetōris praetōrum
dative praetōrī praetōribus
accusative praetōrem praetōrēs
ablative praetōre praetōribus
vocative praetōr praetōrēs


  • praetor in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879