preposition

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English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin praepositio, from praeponere (to place before); prae (before) + ponere (to put, place); compare French préposition. (See position, and compare provost.) So called because it is usually placed before the word with which it is phrased, as in a bridge of iron, he comes from town, it is good for food, he escaped by running.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: prĕp-ə-zĭsh'ən, IPA(key): /ˌprɛpəˈzɪʃən/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

preposition (plural prepositions)

  1. (grammar) Any of a closed class of non-inflecting words typically employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word: a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word.
  2. (obsolete) A proposition; an exposition; a discourse.
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Etymology 2[edit]

From pre- + position

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpriːpəˌzɪʃən/

Verb[edit]

preposition (third-person singular simple present prepositions, present participle prepositioning, simple past and past participle prepositioned)

  1. To place in a location before some other event occurs.
    It is important to preposition the material before turning on the machine.

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

preposition

  1. Genitive singular form of prepositio.

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

preposition (plural prepositiones)

  1. (grammar) A word that is used in conjunction with a noun or pronoun in order to form a phrase.

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

preposition c

  1. a preposition (part of speech)

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