prove

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See also: prøve

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English proven, from Old English prōfian (to esteem, regard as, evince, try, prove) and Old French prover (to prove), both from Late Latin probō (test, try, examine, approve, show to be good or fit, prove, verb), from probus (good, worthy, excellent), from Proto-Indo-European *pro-bhwo- (being in front, prominent), from Proto-Indo-European *pro-, *per- (toward) + Proto-Indo-European *bhu- (to be). Displaced native Middle English sothen (to prove), from Old English sōþian (to prove). More at for, be, soothe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

prove (third-person singular simple present proves, present participle proving, simple past proved, past participle proved or proven)

  1. (transitive) To demonstrate that something is true or viable; to give proof for.
    • 1749, John Cleland, Fanny Hill: Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, Part 3
      Mr. H …, whom no distinctions of that sort seemed to disturb, scarce gave himself or me breathing time from the last encounter, but, as if he had task'd himself to prove that the appearances of his vigour were not signs hung out in vain, in a few minutes he was in a condition for renewing the onset
    • 2012 August 5, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “I Love Lisa” (season 4, episode 15; originally aired 02/11/1993)”:
      Valentine’s Day means different things for different people. For Homer, it means forking over a hundred dollars for a dusty box of chocolates at the Kwik-E-Mart after characteristically forgetting the holiday yet again. For Ned, it’s another opportunity to prove his love for his wife. Most germane to the episode, for Lisa, Valentine’s Day means being the only person in her entire class to give Ralph a Valentine after noticing him looking crestfallen and alone at his desk.
    • 2013 June 7, Gary Younge, “Hypocrisy lies at heart of Manning prosecution”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 18: 
      WikiLeaks did not cause these uprisings but it certainly informed them. The dispatches revealed details of corruption and kleptocracy that many Tunisians suspected, but could not prove, and would cite as they took to the streets. They also exposed the blatant discrepancy between the west's professed values and actual foreign policies.
    I will prove that my method is more effective than yours.
  2. (intransitive) To turn out; to manifest.
    It proved to be a cold day.
  3. (copulative) To turn out to be.
    • 2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, BBC Sport:
      He met Luis Suarez's cross at the far post, only for Chelsea keeper Petr Cech to show brilliant reflexes to deflect his header on to the bar. Carroll turned away to lead Liverpool's insistent protests that the ball had crossed the line but referee Phil Dowd and assistant referee Andrew Garratt waved play on, with even a succession of replays proving inconclusive.
    Have an exit strategy should your calculations prove incorrect.
  4. (transitive) To put to the test, to make trial of.
    They took the experimental car to the proving-grounds.
    The exception proves the rule.
    The hypothesis has not been proven to our satisfaction.
  5. To ascertain or establish the genuineness or validity of; to verify.
    to prove a will
  6. (archaic) To experience
    • Spenser
      Where she, captived long, great woes did prove.
  7. (printing, dated, transitive) To take a trial impression of; to take a proof of.
    to prove a page
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
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Etymology 2[edit]

Simple past form of proove, conjugated in the Germanic strong declension, on the pattern of choosechose.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

prove

  1. simple past tense of proove

Statistics[edit]

External links[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Noun[edit]

prove ? (plural proven, diminutive provetje n)

  1. A gift out of love
  2. A life-long maintenance

Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin proba.

Noun[edit]

prove f (plural provis)

  1. proof
  2. test, examination, trial
  3. evidence
  4. try

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

prove f

  1. plural form of prova

Anagrams[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

prove

  1. First-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of provar
  2. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present subjunctive of provar
  3. Third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of provar
  4. Third-person singular (você) negative imperative of provar