pugio

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English[edit]

Reconstructed Roman pugio.

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pugiō.

Noun[edit]

pugio (plural pugios)

  1. a dagger, poignard, especially the kind used by the Ancient Romans.
    • 1786 — Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 34.
      The Pugio or Dagger was used by the Romans, a species of that weapon called the Hand Seax was worn by the Saxons, with which they massacred the English on Salisbury Plain in 476.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *peuǵ-, *peuḱ- (prick, punch), same source as Ancient Greek πυγμή (pygmē, fist).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pugiō m (genitive pugiōnis); third declension

  1. a dagger
    • c. 100 CE – 110 CE, Tacitus, Histories 4.29
      multos in moenia egressos pugionibus fodere.
      Many, who had struggled on to the walls, with their short swords they stabbed.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative pugiō pugiōnēs
genitive pugiōnis pugiōnum
dative pugiōnī pugiōnibus
accusative pugiōnem pugiōnēs
ablative pugiōne pugiōnibus
vocative pugiō pugiōnēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]