quaternion

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English quaternioun, from Late Latin quaterniō, from quaternī (ablative form of quater, “four times”) + -iōn, “-ion”.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

quaternion (plural quaternions)

  1. A group or set of four people or things.[3]
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts XII:
      Then wer the dayes of unlevended breed, and when he had caught hym, he put him in preson, and delyvered hym to iiij. quaternions off soudiers to be kept, entendynge after ester to brynge hym forth to the people.
    • 1885, Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson (original translators and editors), Arthur Cleveland Coxe (editor of American edition, unauthorized; author of annotations, notes, and introductions), Philip Schaff (also credited as editor), Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Series II:
      This quaternion of revilers has traduced Origen, but not on the same grounds, one having found one cause of accusation against him, and another another; and thus each has demonstrated that what he has taken no objection to, he has fully accepted.
  2. A word of four syllables.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      The triads and quaternions with which he loaded his sentences.
  3. (mathematics) A four-dimensional hypercomplex number that consists of a real dimension and 3 imaginary ones (i, j, k) that are each a square root of -1. They are commonly used in vector mathematics and in calculating the rotation of three-dimensional objects.[3]
    • 2004, David H. Eberly, 3D Game Engine Architecture: Engineering Real-Time Applications with Wild Magic:
      The right-hand side of the quaternion equation requires scalar multiplication and quaternion addition.

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ quaternion” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
  2. ^ American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, fourth edition
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Concise Oxford English Dictionary, eleventh edition