receive

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English receiven, from Old French receivre, from Latin recipere, past participle receptus (to take back, get back, regain, recover, take to oneself, admit, accept, receive, take in, assume, allow, etc.), from re- (back) + capio (to take); see capacious. Compare conceive, deceive, perceive. Replaced native Middle English terms in -fon/-fangen (e.g. afon, anfon, afangen, underfangen, etc. "to receive" from Old English -fōn), native Middle English thiggen (to receive) (from Old English þicgan), and non-native Middle English aquilen, enquilen (to receive) (from Old French aquillir, encueillir).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈsiːv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːv
  • Hyphenation: re‧ceive

Verb[edit]

receive (third-person singular simple present receives, present participle receiving, simple past and past participle received)

  1. To take, as something that is offered, given, committed, sent, paid, etc.; to accept; to be given something.
    • William Shakespeare
      Our hearts receive your warnings.
    • John Locke
      The idea of solidity we receive by our touch.
    • Bible, 1 Kings viii. 64
      The brazen altar that was before the Lord was too little to receive the burnt offerings.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 19, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Nothing was too small to receive attention, if a supervising eye could suggest improvements likely to conduce to the common welfare. Mr. Gordon Burnage, for instance, personally visited dust-bins and back premises, accompanied by a sort of village bailiff, going his round like a commanding officer doing billets.
    • 2013 May 25, “No hiding place”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8837, page 74: 
      In America alone, people spent $170 billion on “direct marketing”—junk mail of both the physical and electronic varieties—last year. Yet of those who received unsolicited adverts through the post, only 3% bought anything as a result.
    She received many presents for her birthday.
  2. To take possession of.
  3. To act as a host for guests; to give admittance to; to permit to enter, as into one's house, presence, company, etc.
    • Bible, Acts xxviii. 2
      They kindled a fire, and received us every one.
    to receive a lodger, visitor, ambassador, messenger, etc.
  4. To suffer from (an injury).
    I received a bloody nose from the collision.
  5. To allow (a custom, tradition, etc.); to give credence or acceptance to.
    • Bible, Mark vii. 4
      Many other things there be which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots.
  6. (telecommunications) To detect a signal from a transmitter.
  7. (sports) To be in a position to take possession, or hit back the ball.
    1. (tennis, badminton, squash (sport)) To be in a position to hit back a service.
    2. (American football) To be in a position to catch a forward pass.
  8. (transitive, intransitive) To accept into the mind; to understand.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Noun[edit]

receive (plural receives)

  1. (telecommunications) An operation in which data is received.
    sends and receives

External links[edit]

Statistics[edit]