relever

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin relevo, corresponding to re- +‎ lever

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

relever

  1. (transitive) to stand up (again); to stand, to right (a vehicle etc.)
  2. (transitive) to help (someone) to their feet; to help up
    • Grace à lui, partout présent dans le carnage comme une providence, ceux qui tombaient étaient relevés, transportés dans la salle basse, et pansés. (Victor Hugo, Les Misérables XXIII)
      Thanks to him, ever-present in the carnage like a providence, those who fell were helped up, transported to the lower room, and bandaged.
  3. (transitive) to pull up (socks etc.); to lift, raise (skirt etc.)
    • Alors elle se décida, et relevant sa robe, montra une forte jambe de vachère, mal serrée en un bas grossier. (Guy de Maupassant, ‘La Maison Tellier’)
      Then she made a decision, and lifting her dress, showed a strong, farm-girl's leg, in a badly-fitting coarse stocking.
  4. (transitive) to put up (hair)
    • Elle avait simplement relevé ses cheveux et passé un peignoir de laine blanche. (Emile Zola, Germinal)
      She'd simply put her hair up and thrown on a white woollen dressing gown.
  5. (transitive) to heighten, raise, lift (up); to increase
    • —Mon enfant, où sont les tiennes? dit-il en lui relevant la tête. (Honoré de Balzac, Une Fille d'Ève)
      ‘Where are yours, my child?’ he said, lifting his head.
  6. (transitive) to restore, rebuild
  7. (transitive) to season (food)
  8. (transitive) to take down, note, copy out
  9. (transitive) to react to, answer, respond to
  10. (intransitive) to ride up (of clothes)
  11. (reflexive) to get up again, get to one's feet
  12. (transitive) to take up (a challenge)

Derived terms[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

  • This verb is conjugated mostly like the regular -er verbs (parler and chanter and so on), but the -e- /ə/ of the second-to-last syllable becomes -è- /ɛ/ when the next vowel is a silent or schwa -e-. For example, in the third-person singular present indicative, we have il relève rather than *il releve. Other verbs conjugated this way include lever and mener. Related but distinct conjugations include those of appeler and préférer.

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

relever

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of relevō

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin relevo, corresponding to re- +‎ lever

Verb[edit]

relever

  1. to lift again; to relift

Conjugation[edit]

  • This verb conjugates as with other verbs ending -er, but may have two stems (an unstressed or "weak" one and a stressed or "strong" one, which appears only in the present tense). It may have additional, predictable irregularities in the present indicative and subjunctive singular due to phonological constraints in the language. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.