roka

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See also: róka, röka, and rokā

Fijian[edit]

Noun[edit]

roka

  1. color

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Roka on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *rankā (perhaps Proto-Balto-Slavic *rankāˀ), from Proto-Indo-European *wrenk-, *wronk-, derived from the zero grade *wr- of the stem *wer- (to turn, to bend). The original meaning was therefore “bent, bending (organ, limb).” In Baltic, the initial *w was lost, while in some other languages it became *b; cf. Latin branca (paw, foot). Cognates include Lithuanian rankà, Old Prussian rancko, Proto-Slavic *rǫka (Old Church Slavonic рѫка (rǫka), Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian рука (ruká), Bulgarian ръка (rǎká), Upper Sorbian, Czech ruka, Polish ręka).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

roka f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) hand, arm (each of the upper limbs of the human body, from shoulder to palm)
    kreisā, labā roka — left, right hand, arm
    spēcīgas, muskuļainas rokas — strong, muscular arms
    veiklas rokas — agile, skillful hands
    aiz, pie rokas — (taking someone) by the hand
    uz rokām — (holding, lifting something) in the arms
    zem rokas — (holding something) under (one's) arm
    roku rokāhand in hand
    māt, mest ar roku — to wave one's hand(s)
    sniegt, dot roku — to give, to offer (one's) hand (for a handshake)
    piedāvāt roku — to offer (one's) hand, arm (for support)
    spiest, paspiest, saspiest roku — to shake hand(s)
    rokas spiedienshandshake
    vilkt cimdus rokā — to put gloves on one's hand(s)
    paņemt rokā grāmatu — to take the book in one's hand(s)
    maciņš izkrīt no rokas — the little wallet fell out of (his) hand(s)
    māte mēdz iespiest rokas sānos — mother used to press her arms against her side
    lai gan nav auksti, tomēr Juris mauc rokā pirkstainus cimdus — though it is not cold, Juris puts on his hand(s) the fingered gloves (i.e., not mittens, but gloves with actual places for each of the five fingers)
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) hand ..., manual (to be used with one's hands, arms; to be done, carried out with one's hands, arms)
    rokas bremzehand brake
    rokas svarihand-held weights
    rokas sūknishand pump
    rokas zāģis, rokzāģishand saw
    rokas granātahand grenade
    rokas bagažahand luggage
    rokas pulkstenis — wrist (lit. hand) watch
    roku dzelžihandcuffs
    roku dvielishand towel
    rokas sprādze, rokassprādze — bracelets (hand buckle)
    rokas soma, rokassomahandbag
    roku darbsmanual labor; handmade item (lit. hand work)
    rokas veidošanamanual fabrication (= built manually)
    ar automātiskajām centrālēm aizstātas rokas apkalpes telefona centrāles — with automatic (phone) exchanges manual service was replaced in telephone (= call) centers
  3. (colloquial) sleeve (part of a garment that covers one's arms)
    kleita ar garām rokām — a dress with long arms (= sleeves)
    atrotīt krekla rokas — to roll up the shirt's arms (= sleeves)
  4. (technology) arm (a long, mobile mechanical device or part of a mechanical device; a handle)
    mehāniskā roka — mechanical arm, hand
    robota roka satver apaļu metāla sagatavi un paliek to zem spiednes — the robot hand griped the circular metal object and placed it under the press
    turamās rokas arklam ar skaista līkumā izliektiem apaļiem galiem koši zilas — the bright blue plow hands (= handles) with round ends bent in a beautifully arch

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Latvian roka, like Russian рука (ruka), refers both to a person's entire arm and more specifically to a person's hand; context usually clarifies which interpretation is best. It is the most frequent term in both senses. The word delms “upper limb; arm between shoulder and hand” is rare and academic, and plauksta, though sometimes translatable as “hand,” refers more specifically to the palm of the hand.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “roka” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

roka f

  1. (Kajkavian) hand, arm
    • 1936, Miroslav Krleža, Balade Petrice Kerempuha
      Z rokami v črevu znuternje mertvečke,
      v kervavem drobu, z rokavi zaferknjeni,

Synonyms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rǫka, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *rankāˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rɔ̀ːka/
  • Tonal: róka
  • Hyphenation: ro‧ka

Noun[edit]

rôka f (??? please provide the genitive!, ??? please provide the nominative plural!)

  1. (anatomy) hand

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

roka (definite accusative [[{{{1}}}#Turkish|{{{1}}}]], plural [[{{{2}}}#Turkish|{{{2}}}]])

  1. rocket (clarification of this Turkish definition is being sought)