ruff

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English[edit]

A ruff (bird)
A 1724 mezzotint of Sir John Coke (1563–1644) wearing a ruff around his neck
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 Ruff (disambiguation) on Wikipedia

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A shortening of ruffle

Noun[edit]

ruff (plural ruffs)

  1. A gregarious, medium-sized wading bird of Eurasia, Philomachus pugnax; a rail.
    1. A male rail. (The female is a reeve).
  2. Alternative spelling of ruffe a small freshwater fish; a pope.
  3. A circular frill or ruffle on a garment, especially a starched, fluted frill at the neck in Elizabethan and Jacobean England.
    • 1960, P. G. Wodehouse, Jeeves in the Offing, chapter XII:
      “When we first forgathered, I was sitting on the floor with a chair round my neck.” “Like an Elizabethan ruff, as worn by Thomas Botway.” “Otway,” I said stiffly.
  4. Anything formed with plaits or flutings, like the frill.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Alexander Pope
      I reared this flower; [] / Soft on the paper ruff its leaves I spread.
  5. (obsolete) An exhibition of pride or haughtiness.
    • (Can we date this quote?) L'Estrange
      How many princes [] in the ruff of all their glory, have been taken down from the head of a conquering army to the wheel of the victor's chariot!
  6. (obsolete) Wanton or tumultuous procedure or conduct.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Latimer
      to ruffle it out in a riotous ruff
  7. (military) A low, vibrating beat of a drum, quieter than a roll; a ruffle.
  8. (engineering) A collar on a shaft or other piece to prevent endwise motion.
  9. A set of lengthened or otherwise modified feathers on or around the neck of a bird.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

ruff (third-person singular simple present ruffs, present participle ruffing, simple past and past participle ruffed)

  1. To ruffle; to disorder.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  2. (military) To beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum.
  3. (hawking) To hit (the prey) without fixing it.

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

ruff (plural ruffs)

  1. A card game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

ruff (third-person singular simple present ruffs, present participle ruffing, simple past and past participle ruffed)

  1. (card games) To play a trump card to a trick, other than when trumps were led
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ruff (comparative ruffer, superlative ruffest)

  1. (colloquial) Alternative spelling of rough

Etymology 4[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Interjection[edit]

ruff

  1. The bark of a dog; woof.