sapnis

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a parallel i-stem form to Proto-Baltic *sapnas, from Proto-Indo-European *súpnos, *swépnos, *swópnos (sleep), *swópniyom (dream), from a stem *seup-, *swep, *sup- (sleep), from *seu- (meaning indeterminate, perhaps “to lay,” “to put”) with an extra element -p. In Baltic, the words for “dream” and “sleep” merged, and the initial consonant was simplified (sw > s). Cognates include Lithuanian sãpnas, dialectal sãpnis, sapnỹs, Proto-Slavic *sъnъ < *supnu (Old Church Slavonic сънъ (sŭnŭ), Bulgarian сън (sǎn), Czech, Polish sen), Old Irish sūan, Cornish hon (sleep) (< *swopnos), Old English swefn (sleep, dream) (< *swepnós), Hittite šup- (to sleep), Sanskrit स्वप्नः (svapnaḥ), Ancient Greek ὕπνος (húpnos, sleep) (< *supnos), ὕπνιον (húpnion, dream), Latin somnus (sleep) (< *swepnos, *swopnos), somnium (dream), sopor (deep sleep).[1]

Noun[edit]

sapnis m (2nd declension)

  1. dream (images seen during sleep)
    sapņa satursdream content
    sapņa sižetsdream story, plot
    redzēt sapni — to have (lit. see) a dream
  2. dream (a desire which one wishes to see come true)
    sapnis par laimidream of happiness
    pārvērst sapni par īstenību — to turn a dream into reality
    jaunības sapņi — youthful dreams
    nepiepildāms sapnis — an impossible, unfulfillable dream

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “sapnis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7