sausums

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From sauss (dry) +‎ -ums.

Noun[edit]

sausums m (1st declension)

  1. drought (significant long-term reduction in rainfall, leading to the depletion of the water reserves of the soil)
    ilgstošs sausums — prolonged drought
    bet tad iestājās sausums: lietus nelija un nelija... labības stiebri panīka — but then there was the drought: rain kept not coming... the grain stalks collapsed
  2. dry land (area where there is little or no water)
    vēzis var ilgāk izturēt sausumā, tomēr arī viņš visu laiku cenšas nokļūt ūdenī — crab(s) can survive longer on dry land, but they keep trying all the time to get into water
    justies kā zivij sausumā, uz sausuma — to feel like a fish in dry land
  3. dryness (the state or quality of that which is dry, contains little or no water)
    augsnes sausums — soil dryness
    gaisa sausums — air dryness
    ādas sausums — skin dryness
    mutē tāds sausums, ka mēle lipa pie aukslējām — in (his) mouth there was such dryness that (his) tongue stuck to the palate
  4. dryness (the quality of that which is dry, not emotional, not showing compassion or concern)
    māsa žurnālistes darbā bija tālu gājusi uz priekšu: dokumentālais sausums', kas agrāk pavadīja katru viņas uzrakstīto rindu, bija pazudis — (his) sister had gone far forward (= made progress): the documentary dryness that in the past led her every written line had disappeared

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