Middle English scaffold, scaffalde, from Medieval Latin scaffaldus, from Old French eschaffaut, escadafaut (“platform to see a tournament”), from Late Latin scadafaltum, from ex- + *cadafaltum, catafalcum (“view-stage”), from Old Italian *catare (“to view, see”) + falco (“a stage”), a variant of balco (“stage, beam, balk”), from Lombardic palko, palcho (“scaffold, balk, beam”), from Proto-Germanic *balkô (“beam, rafter”), from Proto-Indo-European *bhelg- (“beam, plank”). Akin to Old High German balco, balcho (“scaffold, balk, beam”). More at catafalque, balcony, balk.
scaffold (plural scaffolds)
- A structure made of scaffolding, for workers to stand on while working on a building.
- An elevated platform on which a criminal is executed.
- (metalworking) An accumulation of adherent, partly fused material forming a shelf or dome-shaped obstruction above the tuyeres in a blast furnace.