segnis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. An adjective in *-ni reflecting possibly Proto-Indo-European *sek- (to coagulate, dry out) or *seh₁k- (to arrive), but with semantic problems. Cognates would then include Ancient Greek ἦκα (êka, slightly, slowly, a little) and ἥσσων (hḗssōn, inferior, weaker, smaller).

Otherwise, if not related to Ancient Greek words, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *seg- (to stick, adhere), with acceptable semantic shift from "sticky" to "inert". In both cases the long vowel possibly reflects an original root noun, or otherwise remains unexplainable.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

segnis m, f (neuter segne); third declension

  1. slow, tardy, torpid, inactive, unenergetic, lazy

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, neuter nominative singular in -e.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative segnis segne segnēs segnia
genitive segnis segnis segnium segnium
dative segnī segnī segnibus segnibus
accusative segnem segne segnēs segnia
ablative segnī segnī segnibus segnibus
vocative segnis segne segnēs segnia

References[edit]