sehen

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See also: Sehen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German sehan, from Proto-Germanic *sehwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (to see). Compare Low German sehn, Dutch zien, English see, Danish se, Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌹𐍈𐌰𐌽 (saiƕan).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • sehn (dated in formal prose, but still common informally or poetically)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sehen (class 5 strong, third-person singular simple present sieht, past tense sah, past participle gesehen, past subjunctive sähe, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to see; to look; to have sight
    auf etwas sehen — “to look at something”
    nach etwas sehen — “to look for something”
  2. (intransitive, with “nach ...”) to take care (of something or someone); to make (something) happen; to see (to something); to look (after someone)
  3. (transitive) to see (something); to view; to watch; to observe; to look at
  4. (transitive) to notice; to perceive; to realize
  5. (reflexive with a plural subject or transitive) to meet; to go to see

Usage notes[edit]

Sehen can be used in a so-called "accusative with infinitive" construction (as in English): Ich sah ihn arbeiten. – “I saw him work.” If such a sentence is in the perfect or pluperfect tense, the infinitive usually replaces the past participle: Ich hatte ihn arbeiten sehen. – “I had seen him work.” The use of the past participle instead does occur in some speakers, but is ungrammatical to many others.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]