shall: difference between revisions

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
(Verb: oops)
m ({{rfd-redundant}})
Line 24: Line 24:
 
# {{non-gloss definition|Used in questions to suggest a possible future action.}}
 
# {{non-gloss definition|Used in questions to suggest a possible future action.}}
 
#: '''''Shall''' we go out later?''
 
#: '''''Shall''' we go out later?''
# {{rfv-sense}} {{archaic}} {{non-gloss definition|Used to indicate destiny or certainty.}}
+
# {{rfd-redundant}} {{archaic}} {{non-gloss definition|Used to indicate destiny or certainty.}}
 
#: ''Goodness and mercy '''shall''' follow me all the days of my life.''
 
#: ''Goodness and mercy '''shall''' follow me all the days of my life.''
 
# {{obsolete}} To [[owe]].
 
# {{obsolete}} To [[owe]].

Revision as of 23:00, 3 February 2010

English

Most common English words before 1923: down · good · never · #100: shall · most · where · those

Etymology

Old English sceal. Compare Dutch zal.

Pronunciation

  • (stressed) Lua error in Module:IPA/templates at line 8: Language code has not been specified. Please pass the parameter "lang" to the template., Template:SAMPA
  • (unstressed) Lua error in Module:IPA/templates at line 8: Language code has not been specified. Please pass the parameter "lang" to the template., Template:SAMPA
  • (file)
    Rhymes: -æl

Verb

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

shall (third-person singular simple present shall, present participle -, simple past should, past participle -)

  1. (modal auxiliary verb, defective) Used before a verb to indicate the simple future tense, particularly in the first person singular or plural.
    I shall sing in the choir tomorrow
  2. Used similarly to indicate determination or obligation, particularly in the second and third persons singular and plural.
    (determination): You shall go to the ball!
    (obligation): Citizens shall provide proof of identity.
  3. Used in questions to suggest a possible future action.
    Shall we go out later?
  4. (Should we delete(+) this redundant sense?) Template:archaic Used to indicate destiny or certainty.
    Goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life.
  5. Template:obsolete To owe.

Usage notes

  • Historically, shall is the present tense and should is its past tense.
You have done that you should be sorry for.
You have done that you shall be sorry for.
  • In the past, will and shall have been used similarly as auxiliary verbs for the future tense. The simple future tense traditionally uses shall for the first person ("I" and "we"), and will for the second and third persons.
I shall go.
You will go.
  • An emphatic future tense, with a sense of must, reverses the two words, using will for the first person and shall for the second and third person.
I will go.
You shall go.
  • Usage can be reversed in questions and in dependent clauses—especially with indirect discourse. For example: Shall you do it? is equivalent in meaning to Will you do it? as it anticipates your response I shall do it. Or: he says that he shall win or he expects that he shall win report his saying I shall win, not I will win.
  • Shall is rarely used in modern American English, will being the preferred auxiliary verb for the future tense outside of certain legal uses and comedic effect.

Translations

See also

Anagrams