shill

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Unknown; attested as verb 1914, as noun 1916.[1][2] Perhaps an abbreviation of shillaber, attested 1913. The word entered English via carny, originally denoting a carnival worker who pretends to be a member of the audience in an attempt to elicit interest in an attraction.

Speculatively cognate with German Schieber (black marketeer, profiteer) via *shi-la-ber.[3]

There are some suggestions that it originates in the surname Shilaber or Shillibeer, especially George Shillibeer,[4] but proposed origins are dubious as the word is first attested in North America in the 20th century, while proposed models are 19th century British.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

shill (plural shills)

  1. A person paid to endorse a product favourably, while pretending to be impartial.
    • 26 June 2014, A.A Dowd, AV Club Paul Rudd and Amy Poehler spoof rom-com clichés in They Came Together[1]
      You’ve Got Mail is certainly the basic model for the plot, which finds corporate candy shill Joel (Rudd) and indie-sweetshop owner Molly (Poehler) regaling their dinner companions with the very long, digressive story of how they met and fell in love.
    • 1983, Robert Anton Wilson, Prometheus Rising,
      Witnesses have testified that Jim Jones (like a few other professional faith-healers) used shills part of the time....
  2. An accomplice at a confidence trick during an auction or gambling game.
    • 1994, Cormac McCarthy, The Crossing,
      The pitchman swept his cane in a slow acceleration over the heads of the crowd and then suddenly pointed the silver cap toward Billy and the shill.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

shill (third-person singular simple present shills, present participle shilling, simple past and past participle shilled)

  1. (pejorative) To promote or endorse in return for payment, especially dishonestly.
    • 1996, Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World,
      Today there are even commercials in which real scientists, some of considerable distinction, shill for corporations. They teach that scientists too will lie for money. As Tom Paine warned, inuring us to lies lays the groundwork for many other evils.
  2. To put under cover; to sheal.
  3. (UK, obsolete, dialect) To shell.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 1884-1928, and First Supplement, 1933
  2. ^ shill” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
  3. ^ Studies in the history of the English language II: unfolding conversations, by Anne Curzan, Kimberly Emmons, p. 90
  4. ^ The name's familiar II, by Laura Lee, p. 294