siena

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See also: si̋eną, Siena, and sienā

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See siens.

Noun[edit]

siena m

  1. genitive singular form of siens

Etymology 2[edit]

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 Siena on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Mājas siena (1)
Pilsētas siena (2)
Alas sienas (4)

Cognate with Lithuanian síena (wall, border). Derived from verb siet (to tie, bind) in its older meaning “to braid, to weave” (see etymology of siet), which suggests that the original meaning of siena was “wicker-work”; compare cognates Avestan [script?] (hinu, ties, bonds, hobble, chain), Old Irish sin (chain, necktie). The current meaning suggests that house walls were originally woven with branches and twings, and then probably covered with mud (compare with German Wand (wall), winden (wind, twist, weave)); some evidence from old folk songs supports this idea.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

siena f (4th declension)

  1. wall (structure (made of wood, masonry, etc.) that limits a building, a room, etc.)
    mājas, istabas, šķūna sienas — house, room, barn walls
    mūra, koka, baļķu siena — masonry, wooden, log wall
    krāsota, balsināta, tapsēta siena — painted, plastered, papered wall
    krāsot sienu — to pain the wall
    līmēt tapetes uz sienas — to paper (lit. paste paper on) the wall
    sienas pulkstenis, lampawall clock, lamp
    iesist naglu sienā — to drive a nail into the wall
    pakārt gleznu pie sienas — to hang a painting on the wall
  2. wall, rampart (a high enclosure, especially for protection)
    Kremļa sienas — Kremlin walls
    cietokšņa sienas — fortress walls
    pilsētas sienas — city walls
  3. something that encloses, also metaphorically
    dūmu, liesmu, uguns, miglas siena — a smoke, flame, fire, fog wall
    naida siena — hatred wall
  4. external side of a container, box, cavity, body organ, etc.
    skapja sienas — cabinet walls
    alas, bedres sienas — cave, pit walls
    tvaika katla sienas — boiler walls
    kuņģa siena — stomach wall
    artērijas siena — artery wall
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “siena” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

siena f

  1. wall

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

siena f

  1. Obsolete spelling of sjena.