sirms

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *širmas, from *ḱr̥-m-os (with a suffix -m), from Proto-Indo-European *ker-, *ḱer-, *ḱr̥- (gray color), whence also sērsna (frozen snow layer) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian šìrmas, šir̃mas, šir̃vas (gray).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

sirms (def. sirmais, comp. sirmāks, sup. vissirmākais; adv. sirmi)

  1. (of hair, beard, etc) gray (having become grayish white after losing its original color)
    sirmi mati, grumbaina sejagray hair, wrinkled face
    sirma bārdagray beard
  2. (of people, people's body parts) gray, gray-haired (having gray hair)
    sirms vīrsgray-haired man
    sirma galvagray head
    sirmi deniņigray temples
  3. (of animals, birds) gray (having a light gray or grayish white color, fur, plumage)
    sirma stirnagray doe
    sirma bebrādagray beaver skin, fur
  4. (figuratively) gray, grayish white
    pār Daugavu kūp sirma migla — over the Daugava (river) a gray fog spreads itself
  5. (figuratively) very old, ancient
    sirms vecumsold (lit. gray) age
    nodzīvot sirmu mūžu — to live a long (lit. gray) life
    sirmas majasold (lit. gray) houses
    sirmā Rīgaold (lit. gray) Rīga
    sirma senatne, senatnība — very distant past, ancient times (lit. gray antiquity)

Declension[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “sirms” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7