självständig

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Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

själv +‎ stånd +‎ -ig, similar to German selbständig. The Swedish/German verb stå/stehen (to stand) is the basis for the noun stånd/Stand (standing), which can mean both upright standing (without support) and still standing (without movement or change). The still-standing meaning with umlaut and the -ig ending forms the adjective ständig/ständig (permanent). But in självständig/selbständig, the same transformation is based on the upright-standing meaning.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

självständig

  1. independent (literally: selfstanding)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]