skābs

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See also: skabs

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as the verb skābt (to go sour) (q.v.), made into an adjective.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

skābs

  1. 3rd person singular future indicative form of skābt
  2. 3rd person plural future indicative form of skābt

Adjective[edit]

skābs (def. skābais, comp. skābāks, sup. visskābākais; adv. skābi)

  1. sour (having a taste similar to, e.g., lemon)
    skābs ābolssour apple
    skābs vīnssour wine
    skāba garšasour taste
    uz galdiņa stāvēja turziņa ar skābajām konfektēm — on the little table was the little bag with the sour candy
    Latvijā izaudzētas vairākas saldo un skābo ķiršu šķirnes — in Latvia many species of sweet and sour cherries (are) grown
  2. sour (that which was acidified, fermented; syn. skābēts)
    skābais, saskābis krējumssour cream
    skābais piens (= rūgušpiens)sour milk
    skābi, skābēti kāposti — sauerkraut (lit. sour cabbage)
    skābi, skābēti gurķi — pickled (lit. sour) cucumbers
    skābie piena produkti darbojas pret mikrobiemsour milk products work against microbes, germs
  3. (chemistry) acid (having acid or acid-like features)
    skābais sālsacid salt
    skābā krāsvielaacid dye
    skābais iezisacid rock (= containing a lot of silica)
  4. (of smells) sour, acid (having a smell similar to that of, e.g., lemons or vinegar)
    skāba smarža, smakasour smell
    skāba pelējuma smaka — the sour smell of mold
  5. (colloquial) surly, grumbling, impolite; frustrated
    “vai arī mēs nevarējām atbraukt vakar!” spiningotāji sev pārmeta, savilkuši skābas sejas — “we could have gone back yesterday!” the fishermen accused themselves, putting on a sour face
    “bet ja nu es pati gribētu pie jums iet par sievu?” Zina smējās; Krusa izspieda skābu vīpsnu un gāja laukā — “but (what) if I myself wanted to be(come) your wife?” Zina laughed; Krusa produced a sour smirk and walked out

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “skābt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7