skābums

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From skābs (sour, acid) +‎ -ums. In the 1850s, K. Valdemārs tried to use skābums in the sense of “acid (chemical substance),” but without success: skābe, which already existed at the time, became the standard term for this sense.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

skābums m (1st declension)

  1. sourness, acidity (the quality of that which is sour, acid in taste (but also in smell); a substance with acidic properties)
    šķīduma skābums — solution acidity
    kuņģa sulas skābums — the acidity of gastric juice
    nevarēju saprast, vai viņam tā šķobīt seju lika ogu skābums vai pēkšņa smieklu lēkme — I couldn't understand if it was the sourness of the berries or the sudden laughter that made his face (look) so shaken
    augsnes skābums rodas galvenokārt dažādu mikrobioloģisku procesu rezultātā — the acidity of the soil is a result of several microbiological processes
    mucām līdzi no pagraba atnākusi skābuma un pelējuma smaka — together with the barrels from the cellar came a smell of sourness and mold

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “skābt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7