slake

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English slaken (to render slack, to slake), from Old English sleacian, from sleac (slack).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

slake (third-person singular simple present slakes, present participle slaking, simple past and past participle slaked)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) Of a person: to become less energetic, to slacken in one's efforts. [11th-17thc.]
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To slacken; to become relaxed or loose. [11th-16thc.]
    • Sir John Davies (c.1569-1626)
      When the body's strongest sinews slake.
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To become less intense; to weaken, decrease in force. [14th-19thc.]
    • 1485, Syr Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Bk.XVIII, Ch.Primum:
      wherfor the quene waxed wroth with sir Launcelot / and vpon a day she called sir launcelot vnto her chamber and saide thus / Sir launcelot I see and fele dayly that thy loue begynneth to slake / for thou hast no Ioye to be in my presence / but euer thou arte oute of thys Courte
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To go out; to become extinct.
  5. (transitive) To satisfy (thirst, or other desires); to quench; to extinguish. [from 14thc.]
    • 1991, David Koulack, To catch a dream: explorations of dreaming‎, page 98:
      In that study, some of the subjects had dreams in which they were slaking their thirst, very much like the dreams of convenience Freud described.
    • William Shakespeare (c.1564–1616)
      It could not slake mine ire nor ease my heart.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599)
      slake the heavenly fire
  6. (transitive) To cool (something) with water or another liquid. [from 14thc.]
    • 1961, Lawrence Durrell, Justine, p.14:
      Notes for landscape tones. Long sequences of tempera. Light filtered through the essence of lemons. An air full of brick-dust - sweet smelling brick dust and the odour of hot pavements slaked with water.
  7. (intransitive) To become mixed with water, so that a true chemical combination takes place.
    The lime slakes.
  8. (transitive) To mix with water, so that a true chemical combination takes place.
    to slake lime

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