socius

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin

Noun[edit]

socius (plural socii)

  1. (historical) Any of the autonomous tribes and city states of the Italian Peninsula in permanent military alliance with the Roman Republic until the Social War of 91–88 BC.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *sokʷ-yo- (companion), from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (to follow)[1]. Compare Faliscan socia (girlfriend, companion).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

socius m (feminine socia, neuter socium); first/second declension

  1. sharing, joining in, partaking, associated
  2. kindred, related, akin
  3. leagued, allied, united, confederate
  4. (substantive) partner, sharer, associate
  5. (substantive) companion, comrade
  6. (substantive) ally; confederate

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative socius socia socium sociī sociae socia
genitive sociī sociae sociī sociōrum sociārum sociōrum
dative sociō sociae sociō sociīs sociīs sociīs
accusative socium sociam socium sociōs sociās socia
ablative sociō sociā sociō sociīs sociīs sociīs
vocative socie socia socium sociī sociae socia

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • socius in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • Notes:
  1. ^ D. Gary Miller, Latin suffixal derivatives in English and their Indo-European ancestry, 2006. pp.27 & 134