spirgts

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the past passive participle of spirgt (to become fresh, lively) (q.v.}.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Adjective[edit]

spirgts (def. spirgtais, comp. spirgtāks, sup. visspirgtākais; adv. spirgti)

  1. fresh, brisk, lively, sprightly, active
    spirgts un veselsfresh and healthy
    slimnieks jau jūtas, izskatsā spirgtāks — the patient feels, looks livelier
    man bija ierādīta vieta blakus šoferim, spirgtam, spēcīgam vīram — I was seated near the driver, a lively, strong man
    Nestors papriekš nomazgāja rokas, seju un galvu un jutās uzreiz daudz spirgtāks — Nestors first washed his hands, face and head and felt immediately much fresher
    rītām Ilze bija jautrāka un spirgtāka nekā citām dienām savas vājības laikā — in the mornings Ilze was more cheerful and lively than in other days during her sickness
  2. (of plants, their parts) strong, well grown, healthy
    ziedi saplakuši kā lupatiņas... tikai viens vienīgais stādiņš vēl spirgts — the flowers had flattened like pieces of cloth... only one single little plant was still strong, healthy
  3. fresh, brisk, lively, sprightly, active (such that it expresses such qualities; compatible with, predisposing to, such qualities)
    spirgts cilvēku izskats — a lively, brisk human appearance
    spirgts garastāvoklislively, brisk mood
    viņš redzēja Līzes spirgto, sārto seju — He saw Līze's lively, rosy face
    vecais Gatviņš vairs nestaigā tik jautriem, spirgtiem soļiem arklam pakaļ kā citreiz — the old Gatviņš no longer walked behind the plow with such cheerful, lively stems as (he) once (did)
    rudenī raisās spirgtā skolas dzīve — in autumn the fresh, lively school life blossoms
    ārkārtīga interese par dzeju, mākslu, spirgta, dabiska nenotrulināta uztvere — extreme interest in poetry, art, a fresh, natural, unblunted perception
    bērzu zaļums vēl spirgts un spilgts — the green(ness) of the birch tree (is) still lively/fresh and bright
  4. fresh (pleasantly cool, so that it causes active, positive physical and mental states)
    viņš dziļi ieelpo spirgto pavasara nakts gaisu — he inhaled deeply the lively spring night air
    kad cēlās spirgts rīta vējš, tad Līzīte kā atdzīvojās — when the fresh morning wind increased, then Līzīte came back to life
    ir spirgta rīta stunda, kad jūlija saule vēl nav paspējusi piekarsēt Rīgu — (there) is a fresh morning hour, when the July sun has not yet managed to warm up Rīga

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “spirgt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7