spleen

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See also: Spleen

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Old French esplen, from Latin splēn, from Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn, the spleen).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spleen (plural spleens)

  1. (anatomy, immunology) In vertebrates, including humans, a ductless vascular gland, located in the left upper abdomen near the stomach, which destroys old red blood cells, removes debris from the bloodstream, acts as a reservoir of blood, and produces lymphocytes.
  2. (archaic, except in the set phrase "to vent one's spleen") A bad mood; spitefulness.
    • Alexander Pope
      In noble minds some dregs remain, / Not yet purged off, of spleen and sour disdain.
  3. (obsolete, rare) A sudden motion or action; a fit; a freak; a whim.
    • Shakespeare
      A thousand spleens bear her a thousand ways.
  4. (obsolete) Melancholy; hypochondriacal affections.
    • Alexander Pope
      Bodies changed to various forms by spleen.
    • Wordsworth
      There is a luxury in self-dispraise: / And inward self-disparagement affords / To meditative spleen a grateful feast.
  5. A fit of immoderate laughter or merriment.
    • Shakespeare
      Thy silly thought enforces my spleen.

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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

spleen (third-person singular simple present spleens, present participle spleening, simple past and past participle spleened)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To dislike.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bishop Hacket to this entry?)

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English spleen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spleen m (plural spleens)

  1. bad mood, melancholy
    J'ai le spleen.

Synonyms[edit]

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