spuldze

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See also: spuldzē

Latvian[edit]

Elektriskā spuldze
Dienasgaismas spuldze

Etymology[edit]

Coined in the 1930s, from the same stem as spulgs (bright) (q.v.; made into a feminine 5th-declension stem with the ending -e): Proto-Baltic *spelg-, *spilg-, *spulg-, from Proto-Indo-European *pel-, *spel-, *spʰel- (to shine) with an extra g.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

spuldze f (5th declension)

  1. light bulb, lamp (artificial light source based on the heating of a filament, or also of gas, vapors, inside a glass container)
    elektriskā spuldze — electric bulb
    neona spuldze — neon lamp, light
    sešdesmit vatu spuldze — sixty-watt light bulb
    dienasgaismas spuldze — fluorescent lamp
    dzīvsudraba spuldze — mercury lamp, light
    spuldze deg spoži — the light bulb is burning bright
    spuldzes spilgtums — the brightness of the light bulb
    Meitene pastiepa roku un iededza spuldzi — the girl stretched her arm and turned on the light
    Helga apsēdās un iededza galda lampu... spuldze bija vāja, abažūrs slāpēja gaismu — Helga sat down and turned on the table lamp on... the bulb was weak, the lampshade stifled the light

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “spuldze” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.