sufferance

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman suffraunce, from Late Latin sufferentia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sufferance (countable and uncountable, plural sufferances)

  1. (archaic) Endurance, especially patiently, of pain or adversity.
    • Spenser
      but hasty heat tempering with sufferance wise
    • 1826, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, The Last Man, ch. 4,
      I indulged in this meditation for a moment, and then again addressed the mourner, who stood leaning against the bed with that expression of resigned despair, of complete misery, and a patient sufferance of it, which is far more touching than any of the insane ravings or wild gesticulation of untamed sorrow.
  2. Acquiescence or tacit compliance with some circumstance, behavior, or instruction.
    • Spenser
      In their beginning they are weak and wan, / But soon, through sufferance, grow to fearful end.
    • Hooker
      Somewhiles by sufferance, and somewhiles by special leave and favour, they erected to themselves oratories.
    • 1910, Arthur Quiller-Couch, Lady Good-for-Nothing, ch. 20,
      When his talk trespasses beyond sufferance, I chastise him.
  3. (archaic) Suffering; pain, misery.
    • 1603, John Florio, traslating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.37:
      The sufferances which simply touch us in minde, doe much lesse afflict me, then most men [...].
    • 1612, William Shakespeare, King Henry VIII, act 2, sc. 3,
      'Tis a sufferance panging / As soul and body's severing.
    • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, II.147:
      the streak / Of sufferance yet upon his forehead lay, / Where the blue veins looked shadowy, shrunk, and weak [...].
  4. (obsolete) Loss; damage; injury.
    • Shakespeare
      a grievous [] sufferance on most part of their fleet
  5. (UK, historical) A permission granted by the customs authorities for the shipment of goods.

Related terms[edit]

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