sukāt

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See also: sukat, šukat, and sūkāt

Latvian[edit]

Sukāt linus (3)
Sukāt matus (1)

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as suka (brush) (q.v.), made into a second conjugation verb stem (ending -āt).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

sukāt tr., 2nd conj., pres. sukāju, sukā, sukā, past sukāju

  1. (of people) to brush, to comb (to smooth one's hair with a brush, a comb)
    sukāt matus — to brush one's hair
    sukāt galvu — to brush one's head (= hair)
    jo intensīvāk matus sukā, jo tiem dabiskāks kritums — the more intensively (one) brushes (one's) hair, the more naturally they fall
    kauna, kauna tev, meitiņa, / nesukāti tev matiņi! — shame, shame on you, girl / your hair is not brushed (unkempt)
  2. (of animals) to brush (to smooth, also to clean, an animal, its fur, with a brush)
    kučieris staļļa priekšā sukā un tīra zirgus — the coachman brushes and cleans the horses in front of the stable
  3. (of flax, hemp and similar plants) to heckle, to comb with a heckle (to pull the fiberss through a heckle — a brush-like instrumentin order to remove the straw from the fibers)
    sukāt linus — to comb, to heckle flax
    nu viņa izskatījās visa kā sukātu linu sauja — now she looked as if she were combing some flax
  4. (colloquial) to birch, to thrash, to beat, usually as punishment
    nu atkal māte sukās par nedarbiem — now again mother will thrash me for (my) mischief
    “Labdien, cienījams skolas kungs!” māte sveicināja paklanīdamās un stūma dēlu uz priekšu: “atvedu jums ko sukāt vienu palaidni” — “good morning, honored school principal!” the mother greeted with abow and pushed (her) son forward: “I am bringing you a mischief-maker to punish
  5. (colloquial) to gobble, to eat hastily, with great appetite
    sukāt maizi — to eat, to gobble (lit. brush) bread
    sukā tikai visu nost! — just eat (lit. brush) it all up!
    te pārdevēji katru brīdi varēja sēst klāt un sukāt par velti kunga speķi un kāpostus — here the salesmen could at any moment sit down and quickly eat bacon and cabbage for free
    tikko ticis atpakaļ laivā, šis jau raisa maisu vaļā un ņemas sukāt, it kā ābolu neredzējis — as soon as he was back on the boat, he opened the bag and started eating (lit. brushing), as if he hadn't seen the apple
  6. (colloquial) to go fast, to run
    tur būs labs gabals ko sukāt — there will be a lot (of distance) to run (lit. to brush) there
    līdz tilta viņam galam ir krietni ko sukāt — to the bridge he really had a lot (of distance) to run (lit. to brush)
    sukājām kājām pa šoseju — we ran (lit. brushed) on foot on the road

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (of "brushing, combing"): ķemmēt
  • (of "thrashing, beating"): pērt
  • (of "running"): skriet
  • (of "thrashing, beating"): ?
  • (of "gobbling"): locīt
  • (of "going fast, running"): ?

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “suka” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7