suka

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See also: sukā, su̇ka, and sūkā

Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English sugar, from later Old French çucre (circa 13th cent), from Medieval Latin zuccarum, from Old Italian zucchero, from Arabic سُكّر (súkkar), from Persian شکر (šakar), from Sanskrit शर्करा (śárkarā, ground or candied sugar", originally "grit, gravel), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱorkeh- (gravel, boulder), akin to Ancient Greek κρόκη (krókē, pebble).

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. sugar

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. A brush, especially one used for brushing animals.
  2. currycomb

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. pleasure

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. like
    Dia suka musik pop.
    She loves pop music.
  2. love
  3. (colloquial) frequently
    Aku suka pergi ke sana seminggu sekali.
    I used to go there once a week.

Synonyms[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Matu suka
Zobu suka

Etymology[edit]

There are competing theories on the origin of this word. The first (and more probable) one assumes that it comes from Proto-Indo-European *su- (pig) > derived form *suk- “pig” (masc., fem.), “coarse hair, bristle” (neut.). Originally suka was the neuter plural form, but it became feminine singular after the general loss of the neuter gender, with semantic change “bristles” > “brush” (compare German Bürste (brush), Borste (bristle)). Borrowings by Balto-Fennic languages from Baltic languages support this evolution (e.g., Finnish suka (pig bristle (archaic), currycomb)). The second theory considers suka cognate to Lithuanian šùkos (brush), щётка (ščotka, brush), Sanskrit शूकः (śūkaḥ, needle), all from Proto-Indo-European *ḱū- (pointed). A third theory attributes these words to Proto-Indo-European *kes-, *ks- (to cut, to carve).[1]

Noun[edit]

suka f (4th declension)

  1. brush (instrument made with flexible bristles attached to a handle, used especially for grooming hair)
    drēbju, apavu suka — clothes, shoe brush
    matu suka — hairbrush
    zobu suka — toothbrush
    zirgu suka — horse brush, currycomb
    saru, tērauda suka — bristle, steel brush
    tīrīt drēbes ar suku — to clean (one's) clothes with a brush

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “suka” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic (compare Russian сука (súka)), ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka f

  1. bitch (female dog)
  2. (offensive) bitch may be used as an offensive term without a suggestion of promiscuity, but rather as a pushy, domineering person.

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫkа, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.

Noun[edit]

suka f (genitive singular suky, nominative plural suky), declension pattern žena

  1. bitch

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • suka in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. to shake

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

compare cuka

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. vinegar

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. to vomit