surcharge

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See also: surchargé

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Etymology[edit]

From sur- +‎ charge

Noun[edit]

surcharge (plural surcharges)

  1. An addition of extra charge on the agreed or stated price.
    Our airline tickets cost twenty dollars more than we expected because we had to pay a fuel surcharge.
  2. An excessive price charged e.g. to an unsuspecting customer.
  3. (philately) An overprint on a stamp that alters (usually raises) the original nominal value of the stamp; used especially in times of hyperinflation.
  4. (law) A charge that has been omitted from an account as payment of a credit to the charged party.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
  5. (law) A penalty for failure to exercise common prudence and skill in the performance of a fiduciary's duties.
  6. (obsolete) An excessive load or burden.
    • Francis Bacon
      A numerous nobility causeth poverty and inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of expense.
  7. (law, obsolete) The putting, by a commoner, of more animals on the common than he is entitled to.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

surcharge (third-person singular simple present surcharges, present participle surcharging, simple past and past participle surcharged)

  1. To apply a surcharge.
  2. To overload; to overburden.
    to surcharge an animal or a ship; to surcharge a cannon
    • Dryden
      Your head reclined, as hiding grief from view, / Droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew.
  3. (law) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into (e.g. a common) than one has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Blackstone to this entry?)
  4. To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Daniel to this entry?)

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Verb[edit]

surcharge

  1. first-person singular present indicative of surcharger
  2. third-person singular present indicative of surcharger
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of surcharger
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of surcharger
  5. second-person singular imperative of surcharger