svabads

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Old East Slavic свободь (svobod') (compare Russian свобода (svobóda, freedom)), first mentioned in 16th-century texts. A minority opinion is that it might actually be a native Baltic word, perhaps from the same source as the verb atsvabināt (to free, to release).[1]

Adjective[edit]

svabads (def. svabadais, comp. svabadāks, sup. vissvabadākais; adv. svabadi)

  1. (dated, now usually brīvs) free (not in (political, economical, juridical, social) dependence)
    mūsu vectēvs stāstīja, ka vecvecos laikos mūsu tauta, zemnieki, bijusi svabada — our grandfather told us that in the olden days our people, farmers, were free
  2. (dated, now usually brīvs) free (not constrained by obligations, duties, worries)
    pēc kartupeļiem visu vakaru esmu atkal svabads — after (peeling) the potatoes I will be again free all evening
  3. (dated, now usually brīvs) free (not prohibited or limited, happening without hindrance, comfortable)
    svabada rīcībafree action
    pasažieru vairums bija kāda būvbrigāde, kura izkāpa Ugālē, un autobusā kļuva pavisam svabadi — most of the passangers were (part of) a builders' brigade which got off at Ugāle, and the bus became completely free
  4. (dated, now usually brīvs) free, open, natural, not artificial
    viegli un svabadi Daugavas viļņi — the light and free waves of the Daugava (river)
  5. (dated, now usually brīvs) free (not taken, not occupied)
    viņi nosēdās uz vēl svabadā sola pašā priekšā — they sat on a still free bench at the front
    svabads laiksfree time
  6. (dated, now usuallly brīvs) free, loose, untied
    aizeju pie zirga un palaižu viņa glavas pavadu svabadāk — I go to the horse and let his head freer (from the reins)
  7. (dated) tired, weak, without strength
    saules karstumā sienu pļaudams, viņš palicis gluži svabads — cutting hay under the heat of the sun, he became quite tired, weak

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “svabads” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.