syncope

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Late Latin syncope, from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopē), from σύν (sin) + κόπτω (koptein, strike, cut off).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɪŋkəpi/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: syn‧co‧pe

Noun[edit]

syncope (plural syncopes)

  1. A loss of consciousness when someone faints, a swoon.
    • 1973 Patrick O'Brian, HMS Surprise
      the rapidly-whitening face, the miserable fixed smile, meant a syncope within the next few bars.
  2. (prosody, phonology) The absence of a sound from the interior of a word, for example by changing cannot to can't or the pronunciation of placenames in -cester (e.g. Leicester) as -ster.
  3. A missed beat or off-beat stress in music resulting in syncopation.

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French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

syncope f (plural syncopes)

  1. syncope, fainting
  2. (linguistics) syncope
  3. (music) syncope